Music

File:A Lady Playing the Tanpura, ca. 1735.jpg

(Image Wikimedia)

Music is an important aspect of the Tripuri culture. This is how they celebrate their festivals and holidays. The most common type of music is folk music. Many songs are passed down from generations as well as musical instruments.

Much of their instruments are made of wood. This includes string instruments and wooden flutes. Percussion instruments are also used in the culture. They use music at different celebrations of life. Marriage is the most common time music is played.

Dancing is also common with music. It is used in many celebrations and is a form of entertainment. The Tripuri like dance and music as part of their culture and this is what they use to express themselves.

References

Tripura.org: Detailed website on basically anything one would want to know about the state of Tripura and the Tripuri people.

Wikipedia: Several articles on Tripura and the culture. Also was used for all the photos on this blog, which were available through WikiMedia images.

http://tripura.nic.in/: Government website with additional information on Tripura. Have up to date information about Tripura and its modern day.

http://www.tripurainfo.com/Info/: Another website detailing the information about Tripura.

Cultural Survival

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(Image (Wikimedia)

The state of Tripura and the Tripuri people are not in danger of their culture becoming lost. They have a rich society full of tradition and history. They also have tourism around their society, which helps to educate outsiders about their culture.

They have rituals concerning birth. Pregnant women must worship certain gods in specific months.Many women will not live with their husbands past a certain point in their pregnancy. Some women will also wear tokens to protect themselves and their unborn child, which is practiced today.

Marriages are also kept in tradition. Many families will make an agreement with another family on their children marrying. They couple getting promised to one another does not have their own say. Certain gods are worshiped on the day of the wedding as well as the days leading up to the wedding, mostly by the bride. Marriage is somewhat mainstreamed, when the couple is allowed to be with someone they love, but this does not always happen.

Death is another cultural aspect kept with tradition. The most common way of burying the deceased is my cremation. The body is prepared by the family of the deceased before this cremation takes place. Many times the body is placed on bamboo as tradition when the body is about to be cremated.

Diaspora

(Image: Wikimedia).

The Tripuri are decedents of the Bengali, who likely traveled and migrated from China to India. Much of their culture is based on the Bengali as well as their other beliefs.

The Bengali people also migrated to North America, not long ago in the 1960s and mostly in Canada. They traveled their to escape the social injustices in their country. They live mostly in major Canadian cities such as Toronto, Ottawa, and Vancouver.

They traveled to Europe rather recently, in the 20th century, as well. The most sought over place to live was in the United Kingdom and there are a large number of Hindus who live in London.

The Bengali also traveled not far from their native lands in Asia, to countries such as Thailand and also countries in the Middle East. They have also migrated here recently in the 20th century. There is a small number of Bengali living in Thailand, particularly Bangkok, today.

Neighbors

The Tripuri have several neighboring countries such as Bangladesh, China, and Nepal.

image (Image Wikimedia)

Bangladesh lies to the east of the state of Tripura, though there are groups of Tripuri people who live in Bangladesh, though they most inhabit India. Their main religions are Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Christianity, which closely resemble Tripura. Bangladesh is full of plains that are high quality for growing crops. It is also close to rivers and the sea which helps them with economics as well. They maintain a sporatic relationship with India, whom they disagree with from time to time.

 

(Image: Wikimedia)

China lies to the North of Tripura and is the largest neighbor. Their population tops India’s 1.3 billion to 1.2 billion. Both maintain two of the largest country populations in the world. They have three large religions called Confucianism, Buddhism, and Taoism. Other religions include Christianity and Muslim, but these are minorities. China also has the one of the world’s oldest civilizations.

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(Image: Wikimedia)

Nepal lies west of Tripura and north of India. Its population is about 27 million. Nepal has some of the world’s tallest mountains, one of which is Mount Everest. Their main religions are Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Animism. The geography of the country is Tropical Savannah and Coniferous Forests.

Birds

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(Image: Wikimedia)

The state of Tripura has over 450 bird species and 23 of those are in danger of extinction.

Tripura is home to many exquisite bird species. The national bird of Tripura is the Green Imperial Pigeon. This bird has green wings that give it, its name as well as a grey/white and peachy head and breast. This bird is not in danger of extinction and is very common in Tripura. They typically live in the forests and have other similar species related to them. They can also be found in zoos throughout the world.

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(Image: Wikimedia)Another species is the Collard Scops Owl. This owl resembles a common barn owl, and can be found in serveral locations including Tripura. The owls are brown in color with brown markings on them. Another feature is their ears which their hearing is very strong. They are another common bird in Tripura.

Cosmos

(Image Wikipedia)

The Tripuri have a wide range of religious beliefs as well as mythology. The main religions of Tripura are Hinduism, Christianity, and Animism.

They believe that the world was created with two subjects in mind, that there is fundamental law and that there is spiritual law. The two are not to be confused with one another and hold different purposes. The Tripuri believe in the ideas of modern Hinduism, which is that the god Subrai made the world and also the Earth.

Their mythology explores the idea of having 14 gods. The worship of these gods occured for a years, until a leader named Shiva decided to reject the idea of gods as he felt that he was a god himself. He was eventually dethroned and after much confusion in the state, the mythology was restored.

The Tripuri take pride in their religious and spiritual values. They have continued on into modern times, although the idea of 14 gods has become more of mythology than belief.

World/Landscape of Tripura

The Tripuri people have an interesting landscape. They live in a tropical savannah, which has a steady temperature year round and periods where there is not a lot of rain. They also are surrounded by various mountain ranges such as Boromura, Atharamura, Longtharai, etc. This also links back to why some believe the Tripuri people lived on the Himalayas, because they have many mountain ranges in their state. 

Because of the tropical climate, there are plenty of healthy plants and greenery throughout the stated. The valleys are a result of the mountain ranges of the state, where many people live. They are also home to many rivers which serve as an important resource.

The names of some of the key rivers in Tripura are Khowai, Dhalai, Manu, Juri, and Longai. These rivers play an important role in terms of providing water and transporting people from one place to the next. There is also a wide variety of plants, such as bamboo which is used for several things. It is used to build huts and can be put into many food dished. It serves as a universally important resource.

(Image Wikimedia).

Homeland of Tripura

Tripura lies in East India and is home to the Tripuri people. For a time, the Tripuri were under English rule, however they joined the Indian Union in 1947, after the rule had lasted from the 1700s. The state had come a long way from their rulings and branched out independently once again.

Today in modern Tripura, much has changed since it was under rule. Several organizations came about after English rule and were made to better the state as a whole. Some of these groups include Tripur Sangha, Prajah Mandal, and National Liberation Front of Tripura. The chief aims of these groups are to support nationalism and pride in the state as well as protect those who were not protected during English rule, so they do not fall into this trap again.

Nationalism is very important to the people of Tripura. After reclaiming their homeland, this is not a surprise. They have a strong sense of well being for their people and wish for their culture and values to continue on in society for as long as possible.

(Image nvsroshillong.org)

The History of Tripura

The history of Tripura is rich and detailed as many cultures. The name “Tripura” is thought to have come from the name of a king who ruled the land long ago, but the correct origin is unknown. 

The first place the Tripuri are thought to have settled is Triveni Sangam, which is located on the Gangus, Yamuna, and the mystical river Saraswati. It is speculation that they once lived near the Himalaya mountains and many Tripuri believe that this is the case, although it is still undetermined.

The Tripuri migrated to India going through Central Asia about 8000 BC. They were known as the “Bodo” people during this time. They settled in areas with large amounts of plains that they used for farming purposes. 

They had a monarchy-ruled dynasty that stretched over a few hundred years and the area and people remained content, though there soon began issues with neighboring kingdoms and rulers later in their history about land ownership. Many tribes had to move during this time to seek out area that was not the cause of the arguments. 

Dharma Manikya I was a likeable king who ruled from 1431-1462. He allowed for the kingdom to expand into new regions. He also was a strong military leader.

Dhanya Manikya ruled from 1490-1520 and was also regarded as a strong military leader. He tried to establish Muslim religion into the area multiple times.